We now differentiate inbetween the requirements for fresh and revised submissions
Upon subjugation, besides selecting one of the paper types below, please also indicate on your manuscript what kind of paper it is:
Research papers: this includes Opinion papers; Latest developments in ocean and coastal management; Capacity-building papers (see Chircop A. Introduction to capacity-building section. Ocean and Coastal Management 1998: 38:7-68 for more information on contributions related to capacity building);
Discussion papers (Commentaries);
Correspondence (e.g. Letters to the Editors);
You can use this list to carry out a final check of your subordination before you send it to the journal for review. Please check the relevant section in this Guide for Authors for more details.
Ensure that the following items are present:
One author has been designated as the corresponding author with contact details:
• E-mail address
• Total postal address
All necessary files have been uploaded:
• Include keywords
• All figures (include relevant captions)
• All tables (including titles, description, footnotes)
• Ensure all figure and table citations in the text match the files provided
• Indicate clearly if color should be used for any figures in print
Graphical Abstracts / Highlights files (where applicable)
Supplemental files (where applicable)
• Manuscript has been ‘spell checked’ and ‘grammar checked’
• All references mentioned in the Reference List are cited in the text, and vice versa
• Permission has been obtained for use of copyrighted material from other sources (including the Internet)
• Relevant declarations of interest have been made
• Journal policies detailed in this guide have been reviewed
• Referee suggestions and contact details provided, based on journal requirements
For further information, visit our Support Center .
All authors must disclose any financial and individual relationships with other people or organizations that could inappropriately influence (bias) their work. Examples of potential conflicts of interest include employment, consultancies, stock ownership, honoraria, paid experienced testimony, patent applications/registrations, and grants or other funding. If there are no conflicts of interest then please state this: ‘Conflicts of interest: none’. More information .
Subjugation declaration and verification
Subjugation of an article implies that the work described has not been published previously (except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture or academic thesis or as an electronic preprint, see ‘Numerous, redundant or concurrent publication ‘ section of our ethics policy for more information), that it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere, that its publication is approved by all authors and tacitly or explicitly by the responsible authorities where the work was carried out, and that, if accepted, it will not be published elsewhere in the same form, in English or in any other language, including electronically without the written consent of the copyright-holder. To verify originality, your article may be checked by the originality detection service CrossCheck .
Each author is required to proclaim his or her individual contribution to the article: all authors must have materially participated in the research and/or article prep, so roles for all authors should be described. The statement that all authors have approved the final article should be true and included in the disclosure.
All authors should have made substantial contributions to all of the following: (1) the conception and design of the explore, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (Two) drafting the article or revising it critically for significant intellectual content, (Three) final approval of the version to be submitted.
Authors are expected to consider cautiously the list and order of authors before submitting their manuscript and provide the definitive list of authors at the time of the original subjugation. Any addition, deletion or rearrangement of author names in the authorship list should be made only before the manuscript has been accepted and only if approved by the journal Editor. To request such a switch, the Editor must receive the following from the corresponding author. (a) the reason for the switch in author list and (b) written confirmation (e-mail, letter) from all authors that they agree with the addition, removal or rearrangement. In the case of addition or removal of authors, this includes confirmation from the author being added or eliminated.
Only in exceptional circumstances will the Editor consider the addition, deletion or rearrangement of authors after the manuscript has been accepted. While the Editor considers the request, publication of the manuscript will be suspended. If the manuscript has already been published in an online issue, any requests approved by the Editor will result in a corrigendum.
Article transfer service
This journal is part of our Article Transfer Service. This means that if the Editor feels your article is more suitable in one of our other participating journals, then you may be asked to consider transferring the article to one of those. If you agree, your article will be transferred automatically on your behalf with no need to reformat. Please note that your article will be reviewed again by the fresh journal. More information .
Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to accomplish a ‘Journal Publishing Agreement’ (see more information on this). An e-mail will be sent to the corresponding author confirming receipt of the manuscript together with a ‘Journal Publishing Agreement’ form or a link to the online version of this agreement.
Subscribers may reproduce tables of contents or prepare lists of articles including abstracts for internal circulation within their institutions. Permission of the Publisher is required for resale or distribution outside the institution and for all other derivative works, including compilations and translations. If excerpts from other copyrighted works are included, the author(s) must obtain written permission from the copyright owners and credit the source(s) in the article. Elsevier has preprinted forms for use by authors in these cases.
For open access articles: Upon acceptance of an article, authors will be asked to finish an ‘Special License Agreement’ (more information ). Permitted third party reuse of open access articles is determined by the author’s choice of user license .
As an author you (or your employer or institution) have certain rights to reuse your work. More information .
Elsevier supports responsible sharing
Find out how you can share your research published in Elsevier journals.
Role of the funding source
You are requested to identify who provided financial support for the conduct of the research and/or prep of the article and to shortly describe the role of the sponsor(s), if any, in probe design; in the collection, analysis and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; and in the decision to submit the article for publication. If the funding source(s) had no such involvement then this should be stated.
Funding bod agreements and policies
Elsevier has established a number of agreements with funding bods which permit authors to serve with their funder’s open access policies. Some funding figures will reimburse the author for the Open Access Publication Fee. Details of existing agreements are available online.
This journal offers authors a choice in publishing their research:
• Articles are loosely available to both subscribers and the broader public with permitted reuse.
• An open access publication fee is payable by authors or on their behalf, e.g. by their research funder or institution.
• Articles are made available to subscribers as well as developing countries and patient groups through our universal access programs.
• No open access publication fee payable by authors.
Regardless of how you choose to publish your article, the journal will apply the same peer review criteria and acceptance standards.
For open access articles, permitted third party (re)use is defined by the following Creative Commons user licenses :
Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY)
Lets others distribute and copy the article, create extracts, abstracts, and other revised versions, adaptations or derivative works of or from an article (such as a translation), include in a collective work (such as an anthology), text or data mine the article, even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit the author(s), do not represent the author as endorsing their adaptation of the article, and do not modify the article in such a way as to harm the author’s honor or reputation.
Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs (CC BY-NC-ND)
For non-commercial purposes, lets others distribute and copy the article, and to include in a collective work (such as an anthology), as long as they credit the author(s) and provided they do not alter or modify the article.
The open access publication fee for this journal is USD 3600. excluding taxes. Learn more about Elsevier’s pricing policy: https://www.elsevier.com/openaccesspricing .
Green open access
Authors can share their research in a diversity of different ways and Elsevier has a number of green open access options available. We recommend authors see our green open access page for further information. Authors can also self-archive their manuscripts instantaneously and enable public access from their institution’s repository after an embargo period. This is the version that has been accepted for publication and which typically includes author-incorporated switches suggested during subjugation, peer review and in editor-author communications. Embargo period: For subscription articles, an adequate amount of time is needed for journals to produce value to subscribing customers before an article becomes loosely available to the public. This is the embargo period and it commences from the date the article is formally published online in its final and fully citable form. Find out more .
This journal has an embargo period of 24 months.
Elsevier Publishing Campus
The Elsevier Publishing Campus (www.publishingcampus.com ) is an online platform suggesting free lectures, interactive training and professional advice to support you in publishing your research. The College of Abilities training offers modules on how to prepare, write and structure your article and explains how editors will look at your paper when it is submitted for publication. Use these resources, and more, to ensure that your obedience will be the best that you can make it.
Language (usage and editing services)
Please write your text in good English (American or British usage is accepted, but not a combination of these). Authors who feel their English language manuscript may require editing to eliminate possible grammatical or spelling errors and to conform to correct scientific English may wish to use the English Language Editing service available from Elsevier’s WebShop.
Manuscripts should be written in English. Authors who are hesitant of correct English usage should have their manuscript checked by someone versed in the language. Manuscripts in which the English is difficult to understand may be returned to the author for revision before scientific review.
Authors who require information about language editing and copyediting services pre- and post-submission please visit http://www.elsevier.com/languagepolishing or our customer support site at service.elsevier.com for more information. Please note Elsevier neither endorses nor takes responsibility for any products, goods or services suggested by outside vendors through our services or in any advertising. For more information please refer to our Terms & Conditions: http://www.elsevier.com/termsandconditions .
Our online conformity system guides you stepwise through the process of injecting your article details and uploading your files. The system converts your article files to a single PDF file used in the peer-review process. Editable files (e.g. Word, Spandex) are required to typeset your article for final publication. All correspondence, including notification of the Editor’s decision and requests for revision, is sent by e-mail.
Please submit your article via http://ees.elsevier.com/ocma/
Please submit the names and institutional e-mail addresses of several potential referees. For more details, visit our Support site. Note that the editor retains the foot right to determine whether or not the suggested reviewers are used.
Ocean and Coastal Management has no page charges.
Conformity to this journal proceeds totally online and you will be guided stepwise through the creation and uploading of your files. The system automatically converts your files to a single PDF file, which is used in the peer-review process.
As part of the Your Paper Your Way service, you may choose to submit your manuscript as a single file to be used in the refereeing process. This can be a PDF file or a Word document, in any format or lay-out that can be used by referees to evaluate your manuscript. It should contain high enough quality figures for refereeing. If you choose to do so, you may still provide all or some of the source files at the initial conformity. Please note that individual figure files larger than Ten MB must be uploaded separately.
There are no rigorous requirements on reference formatting at obedience. References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is very encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct.
There are no stringent formatting requirements but all manuscripts must contain the essential elements needed to convey your manuscript, for example Abstract, Keywords, Introduction, Materials and Methods, Results, Conclusions, Artwork and Tables with Captions.
If your article includes any Movies and/or other Supplementary material, this should be included in your initial obedience for peer review purposes.
Divide the article into clearly defined sections.
Figures and tables embedded in text
Please ensure the figures and the tables included in the single file are placed next to the relevant text in the manuscript, rather than at the bottom or the top of the file. The corresponding caption should be placed directly below the figure or table.
This journal operates a single blind review process. All contributions will be originally assessed by the editor for suitability for the journal. Papers deemed suitable are then typically sent to a minimum of one independent pro reviewer to assess the scientific quality of the paper. The Editor is responsible for the final decision regarding acceptance or rejection of articles. The Editor’s decision is final. More information on types of peer review .
Use of word processing software
Regardless of the file format of the original subordination, at revision you must provide us with an editable file of the entire article. Keep the layout of the text as ordinary as possible. Most formatting codes will be eliminated and substituted on processing the article. The electronic text should be ready in a way very similar to that of conventional manuscripts (see also the Guide to Publishing with Elsevier ). See also the section on Electronic artwork.
To avoid unnecessary errors you are strongly advised to use the ‘spell-check’ and ‘grammar-check’ functions of your word processor.
You are recommended to use the Elsevier article class elsarticle.cls to prepare your manuscript and BibTeX to generate your bibliography.
Our Spandex site has detailed subordination instructions, templates and other information.
Subdivision – numbered sections
Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections. Subsections should be numbered 1.1 (then 1.1.1, 1.1.Two. ), 1.Two, etc. (the abstract is not included in section numbering). Use this numbering also for internal cross-referencing: do not just refer to “the text”. Any subsection may be given a brief heading. Each heading should emerge on its own separate line.
To facilitate the reviewers and the later manuscript production process, it is recommended to use page numbers and line numbers.
State the objectives of the work and provide an adequate background, avoiding a detailed literature survey or a summary of the results.
Material and methods
Provide sufficient detail to permit the work to be reproduced. Methods already published should be indicated by a reference: only relevant modifications should be described.
Results should be clear and concise.
This should explore the significance of the results of the work, not repeat them. A combined Results and Discussion section is often adequate. Avoid extensive citations and discussion of published literature.
The main conclusions of the examine may be introduced in a brief Conclusions section, which may stand alone or form a subsection of a Discussion or Results and Discussion section.
If there is more than one appendix, they should be identified as A, B, etc. Formulae and equations in appendices should be given separate numbering: Eq. (A.1), Eq. (A.Two), etc.; in a subsequent appendix, Eq. (B.1) and so on. Similarly for tables and figures: Table A.1; Fig. A.1, etc.
Essential title page information
• Title. Concise and informative. Titles are often used in information-retrieval systems. Avoid abbreviations and formulae where possible.
• Author names and affiliations. Please clearly indicate the given name(s) and family name(s) of each author and check that all names are accurately spelled. Present the authors’ affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names. Indicate all affiliations with a lower-case superscript letter instantly after the author’s name and in front of the suitable address. Provide the utter postal address of each affiliation, including the country name and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.
• Corresponding author. Clearly indicate who will treat correspondence at all stages of refereeing and publication, also post-publication. Ensure that the e-mail address is given and that contact details are kept up to date by the corresponding author.
• Present/permanent address. If an author has moved since the work described in the article was done, or was visiting at the time, a ‘Present address’ (or ‘Permanent address’) may be indicated as a footnote to that author’s name. The address at which the author actually did the work must be retained as the main, affiliation address. Superscript Arabic numerals are used for such footnotes.
A concise and factual abstract is required. The abstract should state shortly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. An abstract is often introduced separately from the article, so it must be able to stand alone. For this reason, References should be avoided, but if essential, then cite the author(s) and year(s). Also, non-standard or uncommon abbreviations should be avoided, but if essential they must be defined at their very first mention in the abstract itself.
Albeit a graphical abstract is optional, its use is encouraged as it draws more attention to the online article. The graphical abstract should summarize the contents of the article in a concise, pictorial form designed to capture the attention of a broad readership. Graphical abstracts should be submitted as a separate file in the online obedience system. Pic size: Please provide an photo with a minimum of 531 × 1328 pixels (h × w) or proportionally more. The photo should be readable at a size of Five × 13 cm using a regular screen resolution of 96 dpi. Preferred file types: TIFF, EPS, PDF or MS Office files. You can view Example Graphical Abstracts on our information site.
Authors can make use of Elsevier’s Illustration and Enhancement service to ensure the best presentation of their pictures and in accordance with all technical requirements: Illustration Service .
Highlights are mandatory for this journal. They consist of a brief collection of bullet points that convey the core findings of the article and should be submitted in a separate editable file in the online subordination system. Please use ‘Highlights’ in the file name and include Trio to Five bullet points (maximum 85 characters, including spaces, per bullet point). You can view example Highlights on our information site.
Define abbreviations that are not standard in this field in a footnote to be placed on the very first page of the article. Such abbreviations that are unavoidable in the abstract must be defined at their very first mention there, as well as in the footnote. Ensure consistency of abbreviations via the article.
Collate acknowledgements in a separate section at the end of the article before the references and do not, therefore, include them on the title page, as a footnote to the title or otherwise. List here those individuals who provided help during the research (e.g. providing language help, writing assistance or proof reading the article, etc.).
Formatting of funding sources
List funding sources in this standard way to facilitate compliance to funder’s requirements:
Funding: This work was supported by the National Institutes of Health [grant numbers xxxx, yyyy]; the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, Seattle, WA [grant number zzzz]; and the United States Institutes of Peace [grant number aaaa].
It is not necessary to include detailed descriptions on the program or type of grants and awards. When funding is from a block grant or other resources available to a university, college, or other research institution, submit the name of the institute or organization that provided the funding.
If no funding has been provided for the research, please include the following sentence:
This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Go after internationally accepted rules and conventions: use the international system of units (SI). If other units are mentioned, please give their equivalent in SI. Large numbers must be represented as groups of three digits separated by narrow spaces, but commas or any other grouping marks other than narrow spaces are not permitted.
Footnotes should be used sparingly. Number them consecutively across the article. Many word processors build footnotes into the text, and this feature may be used. Should this not be the case, indicate the position of footnotes in the text and present the footnotes themselves separately at the end of the article.
• Make sure you use uniform lettering and sizing of your original artwork.
• Preferred fonts: Arial (or Helvetica), Times Fresh Roman (or Times), Symbol, Courier.
• Number the illustrations according to their sequence in the text.
• Use a logical naming convention for your artwork files.
• Indicate per figure if it is a single, 1.Five or 2-column fitting photo.
• For Word submissions only, you may still provide figures and their captions, and tables within a single file at the revision stage.
• Please note that individual figure files larger than Ten MB must be provided in separate source files.
A detailed guide on electronic artwork is available.
You are urged to visit this site; some excerpts from the detailed information are given here.
Regardless of the application used, when your electronic artwork is finalized, please ‘save as’ or convert the photos to one of the following formats (note the resolution requirements for line drawings, halftones, and line/halftone combinations given below):
EPS (or PDF): Vector drawings. Embed the font or save the text as ‘graphics’.
TIFF (or JPG): Color or grayscale photographs (halftones): always use a minimum of 300 dpi.
TIFF (or JPG): Bitmapped line drawings: use a minimum of 1000 dpi.
TIFF (or JPG): Combinations bitmapped line/half-tone (color or grayscale): a minimum of 500 dpi is required.
Please do not:
• Supply files that are optimized for screen use (e.g. GIF, BMP, PICT, WPG); the resolution is too low.
• Supply files that are too low in resolution.
• Submit graphics that are disproportionately large for the content.
Please make sure that artwork files are in an acceptable format (TIFF (or JPEG), EPS (or PDF), or MS Office files) and with the correct resolution. If, together with your accepted article, you submit usable color figures then Elsevier will ensure, at no extra charge, that these figures will show up in color online (e.g. ScienceDirect and other sites) regardless of whether or not these illustrations are reproduced in color in the printed version. For color reproduction in print, you will receive information regarding the costs from Elsevier after receipt of your accepted article. Please indicate your preference for color: in print or online only. Further information on the prep of electronic artwork .
Ensure that each illustration has a caption. A caption should comprise a brief title (not on the figure itself) and a description of the illustration. Keep text in the illustrations themselves to a minimum but explain all symbols and abbreviations used.
Please submit tables as editable text and not as photos. Tables can be placed either next to the relevant text in the article, or on separate page(s) at the end. Number tables consecutively in accordance with their appearance in the text and place any table notes below the table figure. Be sparing in the use of tables and ensure that the data introduced in them do not duplicate results described elsewhere in the article. Please avoid using vertical rules and shading in table cells.
Citation in text
Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Any references cited in the abstract must be given in total. Unpublished results and private communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. If these references are included in the reference list they should go after the standard reference style of the journal and should include a substitution of the publication date with either ‘Unpublished results’ or ‘Private communication’. Citation of a reference as ‘in press’ implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
Enlargened discoverability of research and high quality peer review are ensured by online links to the sources cited. In order to permit us to create links to abstracting and indexing services, such as Scopus, CrossRef and PubMed, please ensure that data provided in the references are correct. Please note that incorrect surnames, journal/book titles, publication year and pagination may prevent link creation. When copying references, please be careful as they may already contain errors. Use of the DOI is encouraged.
A DOI can be used to cite and link to electronic articles where an article is in-press and total citation details are not yet known, but the article is available online. A DOI is ensured never to switch, so you can use it as a permanent link to any electronic article. An example of a citation using DOI for an article not yet in an issue is: VanDecar J.C. Russo R.M. James D.E. Ambeh W.B. Franke M. (2003). Aseismic continuation of the Lesser Antilles slab underneath northeastern Venezuela. Journal of Geophysical Research, https://doi.org/Ten.1029/2001JB000884. Please note the format of such citations should be in the same style as all other references in the paper.
As a minimum, the total URL should be given and the date when the reference was last accessed. Any further information, if known (DOI, author names, dates, reference to a source publication, etc.), should also be given. Web references can be listed separately (e.g. after the reference list) under a different heading if desired, or can be included in the reference list.
This journal encourages you to cite underlying or relevant datasets in your manuscript by citing them in your text and including a data reference in your Reference List. Data references should include the following elements: author name(s), dataset title, data repository, version (where available), year, and global persistent identifier. Add [dataset] instantly before the reference so we can decently identify it as a data reference. The [dataset] identifier will not emerge in your published article.
References in a special issue
Please ensure that the words ‘this issue’ are added to any references in the list (and any citations in the text) to other articles in the same Special Issue.
Reference management software
Most Elsevier journals have their reference template available in many of the most popular reference management software products. These include all products that support Citation Style Language styles. such as Mendeley and Zotero. as well as EndNote. Using the word processor plug-ins from these products, authors only need to select the adequate journal template when preparing their article, after which citations and bibliographies will be automatically formatted in the journal’s style. If no template is yet available for this journal, please go after the format of the sample references and citations as shown in this Guide.
Users of Mendeley Desktop can lightly install the reference style for this journal by clicking the following link:
When preparing your manuscript, you will then be able to select this style using the Mendeley plug-ins for Microsoft Word or LibreOffice.
There are no stringent requirements on reference formatting at conformity. References can be in any style or format as long as the style is consistent. Where applicable, author(s) name(s), journal title/book title, chapter title/article title, year of publication, volume number/book chapter and the pagination must be present. Use of DOI is very encouraged. The reference style used by the journal will be applied to the accepted article by Elsevier at the proof stage. Note that missing data will be highlighted at proof stage for the author to correct. If you do wish to format the references yourself they should be arranged according to the following examples:
Text: All citations in the text should refer to:
1. Single author: the author’s name (without initials, unless there is ambiguity) and the year of publication;
Two. Two authors: both authors’ names and the year of publication;
Trio. Three or more authors: very first author’s name followed by ‘et al.’ and the year of publication.
Citations may be made directly (or parenthetically). Groups of references should be listed very first alphabetically, then chronologically.
Examples: ‘as demonstrated (Allan, 2000a, 2000b, 1999; Allan and Jones, 1999). Kramer et al. (2010) have recently shown. ‘
List: References should be arranged very first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters ‘a’, ‘b’, ‘c’, etc. placed after the year of publication.
Reference to a journal publication:
Van der Geer, J. Hanraads, J.A.J. Lupton, R.A. 2010. The art of writing a scientific article. J. Sci. Commun. 163, 51–59.
Reference to a book:
Strunk Jr. W. White, E.B. 2000. The Elements of Style, fourth ed. Longman, Fresh York.
Reference to a chapter in an edited book:
Mettam, G.R. Adams, L.B. 2009. How to prepare an electronic version of your article, in: Jones, B.S. Smith. R.Z. (Eds.), Introduction to the Electronic Age. E-Publishing Inc. Fresh York, pp. 281–304.
Reference to a website:
Cancer Research UK, 1975. Cancer statistics reports for the UK. http://www.cancerresearchuk.org/aboutcancer/statistics/cancerstatsreport/ (accessed 13.03.03).
Reference to a dataset:
[dataset] Oguro, M. Imahiro, S. Saito, S. Nakashizuka, T. 2015. Mortality data for Japanese oak wilt disease and surrounding forest compositions. Mendeley Data, v1. https://doi.org/Ten.17632/xwj98nb39r.1.
Journal abbreviations source
Journal names should be abbreviated according to
Index Medicus journal abbreviations: http://library.caltech.edu/reference/abbreviations/ .
Elsevier accepts movie material and animation sequences to support and enhance your scientific research. Authors who have movie or animation files that they wish to submit with their article are strongly encouraged to include links to these within the figure of the article. This can be done in the same way as a figure or table by referring to the movie or animation content and noting in the bod text where it should be placed. All submitted files should be decently labeled so that they directly relate to the movie file’s content. In order to ensure that your movie or animation material is directly usable, please provide the files in one of our recommended file formats with a preferred maximum size of 150 MB. Movie and animation files supplied will be published online in the electronic version of your article in Elsevier Web products, including ScienceDirect. Please supply ‘stills’ with your files: you can choose any framework from the movie or animation or make a separate photo. These will be used instead of standard icons and will personalize the link to your movie data. For more detailed instructions please visit our movie instruction pages. Note: since movie and animation cannot be embedded in the print version of the journal, please provide text for both the electronic and the print version for the portions of the article that refer to this content.
Supplementary material such as applications, pics and sound clips, can be published with your article to enhance it. Submitted supplementary items are published exactly as they are received (Excel or PowerPoint files will emerge as such online). Please submit your material together with the article and supply a concise, descriptive caption for each supplementary file. If you wish to make switches to supplementary material during any stage of the process, please make sure to provide an updated file. Do not annotate any corrections on a previous version. Please switch off the ‘Track Switches’ option in Microsoft Office files as these will show up in the published version.
This journal encourages and enables you to share data that supports your research publication where suitable, and enables you to interlink the data with your published articles. Research data refers to the results of observations or experimentation that validate research findings. To facilitate reproducibility and data reuse, this journal also encourages you to share your software, code, models, algorithms, protocols, methods and other useful materials related to the project.
Below are a number of ways in which you can associate data with your article or make a statement about the availability of your data when submitting your manuscript. If you are sharing data in one of these ways, you are encouraged to cite the data in your manuscript and reference list. Please refer to the “References” section for more information about data citation. For more information on depositing, sharing and using research data and other relevant research materials, visit the research data page.
If you have made your research data available in a data repository, you can link your article directly to the dataset. Elsevier collaborates with a number of repositories to link articles on ScienceDirect with relevant repositories, providing readers access to underlying data that give them a better understanding of the research described.
There are different ways to link your datasets to your article. When available, you can directly link your dataset to your article by providing the relevant information in the subordination system. For more information, visit the database linking page .
For supported data repositories a repository banner will automatically emerge next to your published article on ScienceDirect.
In addition, you can link to relevant data or entities through identifiers within the text of your manuscript, using the following format: Database: xxxx (e.g. TAIR: AT1G01020; CCDC: 734053; PDB: 1XFN).
This journal supports Mendeley Data, enabling you to deposit any research data (including raw and processed data, movie, code, software, algorithms, protocols, and methods) associated with your manuscript in a free-to-use, open access repository. During the subjugation process, after uploading your manuscript, you will have the chance to upload your relevant datasets directly to Mendeley Data. The datasets will be listed and directly accessible to readers next to your published article online.
To foster transparency, we encourage you to state the availability of your data in your subjugation. If your data is unavailable to access or unsuitable to post, this gives you the chance to indicate why. If you submit this form with your manuscript as a supplementary file, the statement will show up next to your published article on ScienceDirect.
The journal encourages authors to create an AudioSlides presentation with their published article. AudioSlides are brief, webinar-style presentations that are shown next to the online article on ScienceDirect. This gives authors the chance to summarize their research in their own words and to help readers understand what the paper is about. More information and examples are available. Authors of this journal will automatically receive an invitation e-mail to create an AudioSlides presentation after acceptance of their paper.
KML (Keyhole Markup Language) files (optional): You can enrich your online articles by providing KML or KMZ files which will be visualized using Google maps. The KML or KMZ files can be uploaded in our online obedience system. KML is an XML schema for voicing geographic annotation and visualization within Internet-based Earth browsers. Elsevier will generate Google Maps from the submitted KML files and include these in the article when published online. Submitted KML files will also be available for downloading from your online article on ScienceDirect. More information .
Interactive MATLAB Figure Viewer
This journal features the Interactive MATLAB Figure Viewer, permitting you to display figures created in MATLAB in the .FIG format in an interactive viewer next to the article. More information and conformity instructions .
This journal enables you to demonstrate an Interactive Plot with your article by simply submitting a data file. Total instructions .
Corresponding authors will receive an e-mail with a link to our online proofing system, permitting annotation and correction of proofs online. The environment is similar to MS Word: in addition to editing text, you can also comment on figures/tables and response questions from the Copy Editor. Web-based proofing provides a swifter and less error-prone process by permitting you to directly type your corrections, eliminating the potential introduction of errors.
If preferred, you can still choose to annotate and upload your edits on the PDF version. All instructions for proofing will be given in the e-mail we send to authors, including alternative methods to the online version and PDF.
We will do everything possible to get your article published quickly and accurately. Please use this proof only for checking the typesetting, editing, completeness and correctness of the text, tables and figures. Significant switches to the article as accepted for publication will only be considered at this stage with permission from the Editor. It is significant to ensure that all corrections are sent back to us in one communication. Please check cautiously before replying, as inclusion of any subsequent corrections cannot be assured. Proofreading is solely your responsibility.
The corresponding author will, at no cost, receive a customized Share Link providing 50 days free access to the final published version of the article on ScienceDirect. The Share Link can be used for sharing the article via any communication channel, including email and social media. For an extra charge, paper offprints can be ordered via the offprint order form which is sent once the article is accepted for publication. Both corresponding and co-authors may order offprints at any time via Elsevier’s Webshop. Corresponding authors who have published their article open access do not receive a Share Link as their final published version of the article is available open access on ScienceDirect and can be collective through the article DOI link.
Contributors to Elsevier journals are entitled to a 30% discount on most Elsevier books, if ordered directly from Elsevier.
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You can also check the status of your submitted article or find out when your accepted article will be published .